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Ian McClurg Group

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Luca Richardson
Luca Richardson

Download [UPD] GaZ Zip

The Board on Geographic Names has many files available for download. Please review the file format and metadata for specific information regarding each file. If you have questions or problems with downloading please view the Download Data section of the How Do I? page or if your question is not there, please send an email to

Download GaZ zip

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BetterZipQL is great but the interface is clearly designed for earlier versions of OS X, thus it looks a little out of place with the more subtle lighter appearances of newer versions of Quick Look. Nonetheless, it still works great and the funky mismatched appearance is hardly any reason to not download it and use the awesome free utility.

Snorby is a new, open source front-end for Snort. The basic fundamental concepts behind Snorby are simplicity and power. The project goal is to create a free, open source and highly competitive application for network monitoring for both private and enterprise use. To download Snorby visit the project site.

Data on the download server is organised by region. The root directory contains files that havea whole continent's data in them, and for all continents except Antartica there are subdirectories in which you find individual files for variouscountries. Some countries again have their own subdirectories with data for administrative subdivisions. For Germany, all "Bundesländer" are available as separate files, and forEngland we have all individual counties. For France, we have all (historic) Departements. The file for Germany's Baden-Württemberg regionis, for example, at

Files with the .osm.pbf suffix are OpenStreetMap raw data files in the PBF format. They are the common format for OpenStreetMap raw data and need few memory for storage. Daily diff updates (.osc.gz, Gzip compressed OSM XML) are available on our download server as well. They contain the changes of one day. The PBF files can be updated with them.Files ending in ".osm.bz2" are bzip2 comressed OpenStreetMap raw data files.The XML based data format is described in the OSM Protocol Version 0.6article on the OpenStreetMap wiki. The XML DTD is available in the OSM Protocol Version 0.6/DTDarticle. Our download server offers raw data as Bzip2 compressed OSM XML (file name suffix .osm.bz2) as well. They need more storage space, their processing is not as efficient due to the usage of the XML format. They are offered for backward compatibility with older software. We recommend to switch to the PBF format.

Files ending in are shape files that you can process with almost anyGIS software. In converting OSM data to shape files, we have made a defaultselection of layers containing most important layers (road and railway network, forests, water areas, many points of interest). We offer more comprehensive shape files and shape filesof other regions than provided on the download server are available as a paid service.

OpenStreetMap raw data usually comes with metadata. Some metadata fields are obviously related to persons (user name, user ID, changeset ID). The raw data files (.osm.pbf, .osc.gz, .osm.bz2) on our public download server ( do not contain these fields. Our free shape files do not contain any metadata at all.

Because the metadata fields are needed by OpenStreetMap contributors for analysis (e.g. fighting vandalism) only, we offer raw data files with all metadatafields and regional excerpts with full history on a separate download server protected by password at This free service can be used by OpenStreetMap contributors only.

All OpenStreetMap derived data on the download server is licensed under theOpen Database License 1.0.You may use the data for any purpose, but you have to acknowledge OpenStreetMap as the data source.Derived databases have to retain the same license.

Tracking the network infrastructure used by TgToxic, we subsequently found the threat actors also behind sextortion and cryptocurrency scams in Taiwan and Indonesia. The malicious apps could also be downloaded from the same website down[.]tw1988[.]link and masqueraded as dating, messaging, lifestyle, or cryptocurrency-related apps to trick users into installing and enabling the permissions for it.

The phishing, sextortion, and cryptocurrency scams connect to the latest deployment samples of TgToxic malware as they all download from the same website, down[.]tw1988[.]link. Observing the communications to and from the command and control (C&C) servers, the C&C for these apps and malware changed from api[.]tw1988[.]link to test[.]ja7[.]site, and later to us[.]ja7[.]site corresponding the change of targeting from Taiwan to Thailand.

Despite having different deployment periods, we found the social media phishing campaigns and network infrastructure targeting Taiwan, Indonesia, and Thailand similar. When the victim downloads the fake app from the website given by the threat actor, or if victim tries to send a direct message to the threat actor through messaging apps such as WhatsApp or Viber, the cybercriminal deceives the user into registering, installing the malware, and enabling the permissions it needs. Once granted, the phone is automatically controlled by the malicious actors, and the legitimate apps and their respective assets in the device become at risk. 041b061a72


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